Barcelona is the capital of the autonomous region of Catalunya. Situated in the north east of Spain, it’s the country’s second city as far as number of inhabitants is concerned. It has borders with Andorra and France in the north, with the region of Aragón in the west and that of Valencia in the south. The Mediterranean Sea runs alongside the east of the entire region. Following the much-needed revamp of the city in preparation for the 1992 Olympic Games, and thanks to the success of such regeneration and the countless charming sights that Barcelona has to offer, in recent years it has become one of the world’s most visited cities. The city is divided into ten districts, which in turn are also divided into various areas, each of which has its own history and origin.
Facts and figures about Barcelona
Autonomous region: Catalunya.
Official languages: Spanish and Catalan.
Area: 101.4km2 (approximately 6% of the total area of Spain).
Population: 1,615,448 inhabitants (as of 2011).
*data sourced from: Wikipedia Barcelona.
Thanks to its strategic location, alongside the Mediterranean Sea, Barcelona has a super climate, even during the months that are seen as more unreliable. You can therefore enjoy many hours of sunshine per year, and temperatures that aren’t usually too cold (except perhaps a few days in the middle of winter), or too hot (except in the hottest days of July and August). For this reason it’s the perfect destination for visitors wanting to enjoy a lovely holiday.
Human inhabitation of Barcelona started around 4000 years ago, and the first remains that have been found date back to the end of the Neolithic period. The city has been shared by many different communities, including major communities such as the Iberians, the Catheginians, Romans, Jews, Visigoths, Muslims and Christians. It was during the Roman era when Barcelona really started to gain a reputation of a city of international importance, which is above all due to its port. During the Middle Ages Barcelona became one of the most important cities in Spain, making its location even more powerful, and of great strategic importance. The 19th century was another key period for the city, as there was a huge economic and demographic growth, which in turn led to great changes and urban development within Barcelona.
Thanks to its rich history, Barcelona boasts a cultural heritage like no other city, and that’s surely why its cultural offerings are so diverse. Examples of it historic heritage include its ancient traditions, as well as the archaeological and architectural remains that you’ll be able to see just by walking through the city’s old town. By doing this, in some areas of the city at times you might even feel like you’re transported back in time to the Middle Ages.
More useful information about Barcelona
Below you’ll find more detailed information about the city of Barcelona. From the public holidays and celebrations that take place throughout Barcelona, Catalunya and Spain, and the best places from which to enjoy a beautiful sunset, to information about where and how to connect to free internet, or where to park your car if you arrive in your own vehicle, you should find everything you need to know on our website.